Document Type : Review papers
Abd El- Hameed El Hawary Street, No 7- 4th floor
soil and water dept. faculty of agriculture
Biological Agricultural Department, Central Laboratory for Agricultural Climate, Agricultural Research Centre, 12411, Giza, Egypt.
Institute of Animal Science, Biotechnology and Nature Conservation, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen, 138 B&ouml;sz&ouml;rm&eacute;nyi Street, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
The world of mushrooms is very excited and full of with surprises for the reader. Mushrooms are very important macro-organisms for our agroecosystem, because they are edible and medicinal for human health, from one side, and toxic causing the death of humans, from the other side. Several nutritional, medicinal and pharmaceutical applications of mushrooms are well known besides soil improvement. Mushrooms can improve soil through several approaches such as increasing soil organic matter, controlling soil erosion, improving soil aggregates, enhancing soil nutrition, promoting C, and NPK cycling, and the bioremediation of polluted soils. Like other fungi, mushrooms have strong impacts on soil including both positive and negative. Spent mushroom substrate could be applied to soil as an organic fertilizer or compost, which could increase soil microbial activity and the content of amino acid metabolites in studied orchard. Mushroom also could be used as a bioindicator for soil pollution (e.g., toxic elements, heavy metals, organic pollutants, and radioactives/isotopes). Therefore, the main roles of mushrooms in the soil include soil myco-nanoremediation, soil myco-nanomanagement, and soil myco-improvement. This is a call for submission photographic articles on the roles of mushrooms in soils to publish by Egyptian Journal of Soil Science.